العَرَبِية (Arabic)




Photo by Mariam Soliman on Unsplash
Photo by Mariam Soliman on Unsplash

Arabic is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times.

Native Speakers: 313,000,000

Region: Arab League (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, State of Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)

Writing System: Arabic alphabet

Language Family: Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, West Semitic, Central Semitic, Arabic languages, Arabic

Basic Phrases in Arabic

Hello marhabaan مرحبا
Goodbye wadaeaan
وداعا
Yes nem fielaan نعم فعلا
No la لا
Excuse me… efu عفوا
Please raja’ رجاء
Thank you shukraan شكرا

Books & Software for Learning Arabic

Online Resources for Learning Arabic