官话 (Chinese, Mandrin)




Photo by Ivann Schlosser on Unsplash
Photo by Ivann Schlosser on Unsplash

Mandarin is by far the largest of the seven or ten Chinese dialect groups, spoken by 70 percent of all Chinese speakers over a large geographical area, stretching from Yunnan in the southwest to Xinjiang in the northwest and Heilongjiang in the northeast. This is generally attributed to the greater ease of travel and communication in the North China Plain compared to the more mountainous south, combined with the relatively recent spread of Mandarin to frontier areas.

Native Speakers: 960,000,000

Region: China

Writing System: Chinese Characters

Language Family: Sino-Tibetan, Sinitic, Chinese, Mandarin

Basic Phrases in Chinese

Hello Nǐ hǎo 你好
Goodbye Zàijiàn 再见
Yes Shì de 是的
No
Excuse me… Dǎrǎo yīxià 打扰一下
Please qǐng
Thank you xièxiè 谢谢

Books & Software for Learning Chinese

Online Resources for Learning Chinese