ελληνικά (Greek)


Photo by Arthur Yeti on Unsplash
Photo by Arthur Yeti on Unsplash

Greek is spoken by at least 13.2 million people today in Greece, Cyprus, Italy, Albania, Turkey, and the Greek diaspora. In its modern form, the Greek language is the official language in two countries, Greece and Cyprus, a recognised minority language in seven other countries, and is one of the 24 official languages of the European Union. Greek roots are often used to coin new words for other languages; Greek and Latin are the predominant sources of international scientific vocabulary. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning 3,400 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history.

The Greek language holds an important place in the history of the Western world and Christianity; the canon of ancient Greek literature includes works in the Western canon such as the epic poems Iliad and Odyssey. Greek is also the language in which many of the foundational texts in science, especially astronomy, mathematics and logic, and Western philosophy, such as the Platonic dialogues and the works of Aristotle, are composed; the New Testament of the Christian Bible was written in Koiné Greek. Together with the Latin texts and traditions of the Roman world, the study of the Greek texts and society of antiquity constitutes the discipline of Classics. During antiquity, Greek was a widely spoken lingua franca in the Mediterranean world and many places beyond. It would eventually become the official parlance of the Byzantine Empire and develop into Medieval Greek.

Native Speakers: 13,200,000

Region: Greece, Cyprus

Writing System: Greek alphabet

Language Family: Indo-European, Hellenic, Greek

Basic Phrases in Greek

Hello  Chaírete  Χαίρετε
Goodbye  antio sas  αντιο σας
Yes  Naí  Ναί
No  óchi  όχι
Excuse me…  me synchoreíte  με συγχωρείτε
Please  sas parakaloúme  σας παρακαλούμε
Thank you  efcharistó  ευχαριστώ