हिन्दी (Hindi)

Photo by James Douglas on Unsplash
Photo by James Douglas on Unsplash

Hindi is the lingua franca of the Hindi belt, and to a lesser extent the whole of India (usually in a simplified or pidginized variety such as Bazaar Hindustani or Haflong Hindi). Outside India, several other languages are recognized officially as “Hindi” but do not refer to the Standard Hindi language described here and instead descend from other dialects of Hindustani, such as Awadhi and Bhojpuri. Such languages include Fiji Hindi, which is official in Fiji, and Caribbean Hindustani, which is a recognized language in Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname. Apart from specialized vocabulary, Hindi is mutually intelligible with Standard Urdu, another recognized register of Hindustani. Individually, as a linguistic variety, Hindi is the fourth most-spoken first language in the world, after Mandarin, Spanish and English. Alongside Urdu as Hindustani, it is the third most-spoken language in the world, after Mandarin and English

Native Speakers: 960,000,000

Region: India

Writing System: Devanagari script

Language Family: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Hindi, Western Hindi, Hindustani, Khariboli

Basic Phrases in Hindi

Hello namaste नमस्ते
Goodbye alavida अलविदा
Yes haan हाँ
No nahin नहीं
Excuse me… mujhe maaph karen मुझे माफ करें
Please krpaya कृपया
Thank you dhanyavaad धन्यवाद।

Online Resources for Learning Hindi