فارسی (Persian)


Photo by Ivann Schlosser on Unsplash
Photo by Ivann Schlosser on Unsplash

There are approximately 110 million Persian speakers worldwide, with the language holding official status in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. For centuries, Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in other regions of Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia by the various empires based in the regions.

Persian has had a considerable (mainly lexical) influence on neighboring languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, neighboring Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, Georgian, and Indo-Aryan languages, especially Urdu (a register of Hindustani). It also exerted some influence on Arabic, particularly Bahrani Arabic, while borrowing much vocabulary from it after the Arab conquest of Iran.

Native Speakers: 60,000,000

Region: Iran, Afghanistan (as Dari), Tajikistan (as Tajik), Uzbekistan (as Tajik and Bukhori), Iraq, Russia, and Azerbaijan

Writing System: Persian Alphabet

Language Family: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western Iranian, Southwestern Iranian, Fārsi

Basic Phrases in Persian

Hello  salâm سلام
Goodbye  khoda hafez خداحافظ
Yes  baleh بله
No  nakheyr نه
Excuse me…  bebakhshid ببخشید
Please  lotfan لطفا
Thank you  moteshakkeram متشکرم

Online Resources for Learning Persian