There are approximately 110 million Persian speakers worldwide, with the language holding official status in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. For centuries, Persian has also been a prestigious cultural language in other regions of Western Asia, Central Asia, and South Asia by the various empires based in the regions.
Persian has had a considerable (mainly lexical) influence on neighboring languages, particularly the Turkic languages in Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia, neighboring Iranian languages, as well as Armenian, Georgian, and Indo-Aryan languages, especially Urdu (a register of Hindustani). It also exerted some influence on Arabic, particularly Bahrani Arabic, while borrowing much vocabulary from it after the Arab conquest of Iran.
Native Speakers: 60,000,000
Region: Iran, Afghanistan (as Dari), Tajikistan (as Tajik), Uzbekistan (as Tajik and Bukhori), Iraq, Russia, and Azerbaijan
Writing System: Persian Alphabet
Language Family: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Iranian, Western Iranian, Southwestern Iranian, Fārsi
Basic Phrases in Persian
Books & Software for Learning Persian
Online Resources for Learning Persian
- Alphabet & Pronunciation
- Basic Phrases
- More Vocabulary
- Audio Lessons