اُردُو (Urdu)


Photo by Juan Camilo Guarin P on Unsplash
Photo by Juan Camilo Guarin P on Unsplash

Urdu is a Persianised and standardised register of the Hindustani language. It is the official national language and lingua franca of Pakistan. In India, it is one of the 22 official languages recognized in the Constitution of India. Apart from specialized vocabulary, Urdu is mutually intelligible with Standard Hindi, another recognized register of Hindustani. The Urdu variant of Hindustani received recognition and patronage under British rule when the British replaced the local official languages with English and Hindustani written in Nastaʿlīq script, as the official language in North and Northwestern India. Religious, social, and political factors pushed for a distinction between Urdu and Hindi in India, leading to the Hindi–Urdu controversy.

Native Speakers: 81,000,000

Region: India, Pakistan

Writing System: Urdu alphabet

Language Family: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central Zone (Hindi), Western Hindi, Hindustani, Khariboli, Urdu

Basic Phrases in Urdu

Hello ہیلو
Goodbye خدا حافظ
Yes جی ہاں
No نہیں
Excuse me… معاف کیجئے گا
Please lبراہ کرم
Thank you شکریہ