Latvian (latviešu)

travel phpto to inspire Latvian language study
Historic Centre of Riga. Photo by Véronique Dauge, CC BY-SA 3.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Latvian?

Knowing Latvian opens the door to art, music, dance, fashion, cuisine, film, philosophy, and science You are at a distinct advantage in the global market if you are bilingual. Analytical skills improve when you study Latvian. Studying the Latvian Language creates more positive attitudes and less prejudice toward people who are different.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Latvian?

Latvian is rated as a category 3 language by the Foreign Service Institute. It is considered moderately difficult for English speakers to learn and takes an average of 44 weeks (or 1100 class hours) to gain professional working proficiency.

Latvian Alphabet & Pronunciation

A a
(a)
Ā ā
(garais ā)
B b
(bē)
C c
(cē)
Č č
(čē)
D d
(dē)
E e
(e)
Ē ē
(garais ē)
F f
(ef)
G g
(gā)
Ģ ģ
(ģē)
H h
(hā)
I i
(i)
Ī ī
(garais ī)
J j
(jē)
K k
(k)
Ķ ķ
(k)
L l
(el)
Ļ ļ
(e)
M m
(em)
N n
(en)
Ņ ņ
(eņ)
O o
(o)
P p
(pē)
R r
(er)
S s
(es)
Š š
(še)
T t
(tē)
U u
(u)
Ū ū
(garais ū)
V v
(vē)
Z z
(zē)
Ž ž
(žē)

Basic Phrases in Latvian

HelloSveiki
GoodbyeArdievas
Yes
No
Excuse meAtvainojiet
PleaseLūdzu
Thank youPaldies
You are welcomeNav par ko
Do you speak englishVai tu runā angliski?
Do you understandVai tu saproti?
I understandEs saprotu
I do not understandES nesaprotu
How are youKā tev iet?
Fine thanksLabi paldies!
What is your nameKāds ir tavs vārds?
My name isMani sauc
Pleased to meet youPrieks iepazīties

Latvian Grammar

Latvian Nouns

ManCilvēks
WomanSieviete
BoyPuika
GirlMeitene
CatKaķis
DogSuns
FishZivis
Waterūdens
MilkPiens
EggOlu
HouseMāja
FlowerZieds
TreeKoks
ShirtKrekls
PantsBikses

Latvian Adjectives

Colors in Latvian

BlackMelns
WhiteBalts
RedSarkans
OrangeOranžs
YellowDzeltenā krāsā
GreenZaļš
BlueZils
PurpleViolets
PinkRozā
GrayPelēks
BrownBrūns

Numbers in Latvian

ZeroNulle
OneVienu
TwoDivas
ThreeTrīs
FourČetri
FivePieci
SixSeši
SevenSeptiņi
EightAstoņi
NineDeviņi
TenDesmit
ElevenVienpadsmit
TwelveDivpadsmit
TwentyDivdesmit
ThirtyTrīsdesmit
FortyČetrdesmit
FiftyPiecdesmit
SixtySešdesmit
SeventySeptiņdesmit
EightyAstoņdesmit
NinetyDeviņdesmit
HundredSimts
ThousandTūkstoši

Latvian Verbs

To beBūt
To havePiederēt
To wantGribēt
To needVajadzēt
To helpPalīdzēt
To goIet
To comeNākt
To eatēst
To drinkDzert
To speakRunāt

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Latvian Sentences

AndUn
OrVai
ButBet
BecauseJo
WithAr
AlsoArī
HoweverTomēr
NeitherNe
NorNe
IfJa
ThenTad

Useful Latvian Vocabulary

Latvian Questions

WhoKurš
WhatKas
WhenKad
WhereKur
WhyKāpēc
How
How manyCik daudz
How muchCik daudz

Days of the Week in Latvian

MondayPirmdien
TuesdayOtrdiena
WednesdayTrešdien
ThursdayCeturtdiena
FridayPiektdiena
SaturdaySestdiena
SundaySvētdien
YesterdayVakar
Todayšodien
TomorrowRīt

Months in Latvian

JanuaryJanvārī
FebruaryFebruāris
MarchMartā
AprilAprīlī
MayMaijā
JuneJūnijs
JulyJūlijs
AugustAugusts
SeptemberSeptembrī
OctoberOktobris
NovemberNovembrī
DecemberDecembrī

Seasons in Latvian

WinterZiema
SpringPavasaris
SummerVasara
AutumnRudens

Telling Time in Latvian

What time is itCik ir pulkstenis?
HoursStundas
MinutesMinūtes
SecondsSekundes
O clockPulkstenis
HalfPuse
Quarter pastCeturksnis pāri
BeforePirms tam
AfterPēc