Uyghur (ئۇيغۇر تىلى)

travel photo to inspire Uyghur language study
A Uyghur girde naan baker. Photo by Doron, CC BY-SA 3.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Uyghur?

Learning Uyghur improves the knowledge of your own language. Knowing Uyghur provides a competitive edge in career choices Skills like problem solving, dealing with abstract concepts, are increased when you study Uyghur. Learning about another culture enables you to gain a more profound understanding of your own culture.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Uyghur?

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Uyghur Alphabet & Pronunciation

ئا،ا
[ɑ]
ئە،ە
[ɛ]
ب
[b]
پ
[p]
ت
[t]
ج
[dʒ]
چ
[tʃ]
خ
[χ]
د
[d]
ر
[r]
ز
[z]
ژ
[ʒ]
س
[s]
ش
[ʃ]
غ
[ʁ]
ف
[f]
ق
[q]
ك
[k]
گ
[g]
ڭ
[ŋ]
ل
[l]
م
[m]
ن
[n]
ھ
[h]
ئو،و
[o]
ئۇ،ۇ
[u]
ئۆ،ۆ
[ø]
ئۈ،ۈ
[y]
ۋ
[w]
ئې،ې
[e]
ئى،ى
[i]
ي
[j]

Basic Phrases in Uyghur

Helloياخشىمۇسىز (jχʃmsz)
Goodbyeخەير خوش (χjr χʃ)
Yesھەئە (h)
Noياق (jq)
Excuse meكەچۈرۈڭ (ktʃrŋ)
Pleaseكەچۈرۈڭ (ktʃrŋ)
Thank youرەھمەت سىزگە (rhmt szg)
You are welcomeقارشى ئالىمىز (qrʃ lmz)
Do you speak englishسىز ئىنگلىزچە سۆزلەمسىز؟ (sz nglztʃ szlmsz)
Do you understandچۈشەندىڭىزمۇ؟ (tʃʃndŋzm)
I understandچۈشەندىم (tʃʃndm)
I do not understandچۈشەنمىدىم (tʃʃnmdm)
How are youقانداق ئەھۋالىڭىز؟ (qndq hwlŋz)
Fine thanksياخشى ، رەھمەت! (jχʃ rhmt)
What is your nameئىسمىڭىز نېمە؟ (smŋz nm)
My name isمېنىڭ ئىسمىم (mnŋ smm)
Pleased to meet youسىز بىلەن كۆرۈشكەنلىكىمدىن خۇشالمەن (sz bln krʃknlkmdn χʃlmn)

Uyghur Grammar

Uyghur Nouns

Man
Womanئايال (jl)
Boy
Girlبىر قىز (br qz)
Catمۈشۈك (mʃk)
Dogئىت (t)
Fishبېلىق (blq)
Water
Milkسۈت (st)
Eggتۇخۇم (tχm)
Houseئۆي (j)
Flowerگۈل (gl)
Treeدەرەخ (drχ)
Shirtكۆڭلەك (kŋlk)
Pantsئىشتان (ʃtn)

Uyghur Adjectives

Colors in Uyghur

Black
Whiteئاق (q)
Redقىزىل (qzl)
Orangeئاپېلسىن (plsn)
Yellowسېرىق (srq)
Greenيېشىل (jʃl)
Blueكۆك (kk)
Purpleبىنەپشە (bnpʃ)
Pinkھالرەڭ (hlrŋ)
Grayكۈلرەڭ (klrŋ)
Brownقوڭۇر (qŋr)

Numbers in Uyghur

Zeroنۆل (nl)
Oneبىرى (br)
Twoئىككى (kk)
Threeئۈچ (tʃ)
Fourتۆت (tt)
Fiveبەش (bʃ)
Sixئالتە (lt)
Sevenيەتتە (jtt)
Eightسەككىز (skkz)
Nineتوققۇز (tqqz)
Tenئون (n)
Elevenئون بىر (n br)
Twelveئون ئىككى (n kk)
Twentyيىگىرمە (jgrm)
Thirtyئوتتۇز (ttz)
Fortyقىرىق (qrq)
Fiftyئەللىك (llk)
Sixtyئاتمىش (tmʃ)
Seventyيەتمىش (jtmʃ)
Eightyسەكسەن (sksn)
Ninetyتوقسان (tqsn)
Hundredيۈز (jz)
Thousandمىڭ (mŋ)

Uyghur Verbs

To be
To haveئىگە بولۇش (g blʃ)
To want
To need
To helpياردەم قىلىش (jrdm qlʃ)
To go
To come
To eatيېيىش (jjʃ)
To drinkئىچىش (tʃʃ)
To speakسۆزلەش (szlʃ)

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Uyghur Sentences

Andۋە (w)
Orياكى (jk)
Butئەمما (mm)
Becauseچۈنكى (tʃnk)
With
Alsoشۇنداقلا (ʃndql)
Howeverقانداقلا بولمىسۇن (qndql blmsn)
Neitherھەم ئەمەس (hm ms)
Norياكى ئەمەس (jk ms)
If
Thenئاندىن (ndn)

Useful Uyghur Vocabulary

Uyghur Questions

Whoكىم (km)
Whatنېمە (nm)
Whenقاچان (qtʃn)
Where
Whyنېمىشقا (nmʃq)
Howقانداق (qndq)
How manyقانچە (qntʃ)
How muchقانچىلىك (qntʃlk)

Days of the Week in Uyghur

Mondayدۈشەنبە (dʃnb)
Tuesdayسەيشەنبە (sjʃnb)
Wednesdayچارشەنبە (tʃrʃnb)
Thursdayپەيشەنبە (pjʃnb)
Fridayجۈمە (dʒm)
Saturdayشەنبە (ʃnb)
Sundayيەكشەنبە (jkʃnb)
Yesterdayتۈنۈگۈن (tngn)
Todayبۈگۈن (bgn)
Tomorrowئەتە (t)

Months in Uyghur

Januaryيانۋار (jnwr)
Februaryفېۋرال (fwrl)
Marchمارت (mrt)
Aprilئاپرېل (prl)
Mayماي (mj)
Juneئىيۇن (jn)
July
Augustئاۋغۇست (wʁst)
Septemberسېنتەبىر (sntbr)
Octoberئۆكتەبىر (ktbr)
Novemberنويابىر (njbr)
Decemberدېكابىر (dkbr)

Seasons in Uyghur

Winterقىش (qʃ)
Springباھار (bhr)
Summerياز (jz)
Autumnكۈز (kz)

Telling Time in Uyghur

What time is itقايسى سائەت؟ (qjs st)
Hoursسائەت (st)
Minutesمىنۇت (mnt)
Secondsسېكۇنت (sknt)
O clockسائەت (st)
Halfيېرىمى (jrm)
Quarter pastچارەك (tʃrk)
Beforeئىلگىرى (lgr)
After