Sesotho

travel phpto to inspire Sesotho language study
Ha Nqabeni primary school. Photo by Michael Denne from Hobart, CC BY-SA 2.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Sesotho?

You can communicate in Sesotho. Knowing Sesotho provides a competitive edge in career choices Communication skills developed while learning Sesotho can improve your interpersonal skills in your native langauge as well. The study of Sesotho teaches and encourages respect for other people.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Sesotho?

*** NOTES *** aka Southern Sotho is an official language in South Africa

Sesotho Alphabet & Pronunciation

a
[a]
b
[b]
bj
[bʒ/bj]
d
[d]
e
[ɪ/e/ɛ/]
f
[f]
fj
[fʃ]
h
[h]
hl
[ɬ]
i
[i]
j
[ʒ/d͡ʒ]
k
[kʼ]
kg
[kʰ]
kh
[x/k͡xʰ]
l
[l]
m
[m]
n
[n]
ng
[ŋ]
ny
[ɲ]
o
[ʊ/o/ɔ]
p
[pʼ]
ph
[pʰ]
pj
[pʃʼ]
pjh
[pʃʰ]
q
[ǃ]
qh
[ǃʰ]
nq
[ᵑǃ]
r
[ʀ]
s
[s]
sh
[ʃ]
t
[tʼ]
th
[tʰ]
tj
[t͡ʃʼ]
tjh
[t͡ʃʰ]
tl
[t͡ɬʼ]
tlh
[t͡ɬʰ]
ts
[t͡sʼ]
tsh
[t͡sʰ]
u
[u]
y
[w]
w
[j]

Basic Phrases in Sesotho

HelloLumela
GoodbyeSala hantle
YesHo joalo
NoChe
Excuse meNtšoarele
PleaseKa kopo
Thank youKea leboha
You are welcomeHo lebohile nna
Do you speak englishNa u bua Senyesemane?
Do you understandA na u oa utloisisa?
I understandKea utloisisa
I do not understandHa ke utloisise
How are youU phela joang?
Fine thanksE lokile ke a leboha!
What is your nameLebitso la hau ke mang?
My name isLebitso la ka ke
Pleased to meet youKe thabela ho u tseba

Sesotho Grammar

Sesotho Nouns

Man
Woman
Boy
GirlNgoanana
Cat
Dog
Fish
Water
Milk
Egg
House
Flower
Tree
Shirt
Pants

Sesotho Adjectives

Colors in Sesotho

BlackNtsho
WhiteTšoeu
RedBofubedu
OrangeLamunu
YellowMosehla
GreenBotala
BluePutsoa
PurplePherese
PinkPinki
GrayBohlooho
BrownSootho

Numbers in Sesotho

ZeroZero
OneE le 'ngoe
TwoTse peli
ThreeBoraro
FourBane
FiveBohlano
SixTšelela
SevenHo supa
EightE robeli
NineTse robong
TenLeshome
ElevenEleven
TwelveLeshome le metso e 'meli
TwentyMashome a mabeli
ThirtyMashome a mararo
FortyMashome a mane
FiftyMashome a mahlano
SixtyMashome a tšeletseng
SeventyMashome a supileng
EightyMashome a robeli
NinetyMashome a robong
HundredLekholo
ThousandSekete

Sesotho Verbs

To beHo ba
To haveHo ba le
To wantHo batla
To needHo hloka
To helpHo thusa
To goHo ea
To comeHo tla
To eatHo ja
To drinkHo nwa
To speakHo bua

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Sesotho Sentences

AndLe
OrKapa
ButEmpa
BecauseHobane
WithLe
AlsoHape
HoweverLeha ho le joalo
NeitherLe hona
NorKapa
IfHaeba
ThenEbe

Useful Sesotho Vocabulary

Sesotho Questions

WhoEo
WhatEng
WhenNeng
WhereKae
WhyHobaneng
HowJoang
How manyBa bakae
How muchBokae

Days of the Week in Sesotho

MondayMantaha
TuesdayTuese
WednesdayLaboraro
ThursdayLabone
FridayLabohlano
SaturdayKa letsatsi la satane
SundaySontaha
YesterdayMaobane
TodayKajeno
TomorrowHosane

Months in Sesotho

JanuaryPherekhong
FebruaryHlakola
MarchMots'eanong
AprilMmesa
MayMots'eanong
JunePhuptjane
JulyPhupu
AugustPhato
SeptemberLoetse
OctoberMphalane
NovemberPulungoana
DecemberMots'eanong

Seasons in Sesotho

WinterMariha
SpringSelemo
SummerHlabula
AutumnHoetla

Telling Time in Sesotho

What time is itKe nako mang?
HoursLihora
MinutesMetsotso e
SecondsMetsotsoana
O clockHora
HalfHalofo
Quarter pastKotara e fetileng
BeforePele
AfterKamora