Basque (euskara)

travel phpto to inspire Basque language study
Two sample pintxos, a typical snack of the Basque Country by Ardo Beltz assumed. Own work assumed., CC BY-SA 3.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Basque?

Learning Basque improves the knowledge of your own language. Understanding Basque enhances your opportunities in government, business, medicine, law, technology, military, industry, marketing, etc. Aquiring a second language can improve your skills and grades in math and English. Learning another language is part of a liberal education.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Basque?

*** NOTES *** The Basque language is seen by linguists as an unsolved mystery as it isn't related to any other language around it and its origins are unknown. It is thought to pre-date the arrival of Indo-European languages - such as Latin and Greek - into Europe. The language is spoken in the Basque Country, an area of the Pyrenees which spans the borders of France and Spain. The language is classified as vulnerable by UNESCO.

Basque Alphabet & Pronunciation

A a
(a)
B b
(be)
C c
(ze)
D d
(de)
E e
(e)
F f
(efe)
G g
(ge)
H h
(hatxe)
I i
(i)
J j
(jota)
K k
(ka)
Ll
(ele)
M m
(eme)
N n
(ene)
Ñ ñ
(eñe)
O o
(o)
P p
(pe)
Q q
(ku)
R r
(erre)
S s
(ese)
T t
(te)
U u
(u)
V v
(uve)
W w
(uve bikoitza)
X x
(ixa)
Y y
(i grekoa)
Z z
(zeta)

Basic Phrases in Basque

HelloKaixo
GoodbyeAgur
YesBai
NoNo
Excuse meBarkatu
PleaseMesedez
Thank youEskerrik asko
You are welcomeEz horregatik
Do you speak englishIngelesez hitz egiten al duzu?
Do you understandUlertzen duzu?
I understandUlertzen dut
I do not understandEz dut ulertzen
How are youZelan zaude?
Fine thanksOndo mila esker!
What is your nameZein da zure izena?
My name isNire izena da
Pleased to meet youPozten naiz zu ezagutzeaz

Basque Grammar

Basque Nouns

ManGizon
WomanEmakume
BoyMutil
GirlNeska bat
CatKatu
DogTxakur
FishArrain
WaterUr
MilkEsne
EggArrautza
HouseEtxe
FlowerLore
TreeZuhaitz
ShirtKamiseta
PantsPrakak

Basque Adjectives

Colors in Basque

BlackBeltza
WhiteZuri
RedGorria
OrangeLaranja
YellowHoria
GreenBerdea
BlueUrdinak
PurpleMorea
Pinkружовы (ružovy)
GrayGrisa
BrownMarroiak

Numbers in Basque

ZeroZero
OneBat
TwoBi
ThreeHiru
FourFour
FiveBost
SixSei
SevenZazpi
EightZortzi
NineNine
TenHamar
ElevenHamaika
TwelveHamabi
TwentyHogei
ThirtyHogeita hamar
FortyBerrogei
FiftyBerrogeita hamar
SixtyHirurogei
SeventyHirurogeita
EightyLaurogei
NinetyLaurogeita
HundredEhun
ThousandMila

Basque Verbs

To beIzan
To haveEduki
To wantNahi
To needBehar
To helpLagundu
To goJoan
To comeEtorri
To eatJan
To drinkEdateko
To speakHitz egin

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Basque Sentences

AndEta
OrEdo
ButBaina
BecauseDelako
WithBatera
AlsoHalaber
HoweverOrdea
NeitherEz
NorEzta
IfBada
ThenGero

Useful Basque Vocabulary

Basque Questions

WhoNor
WhatZer
WhenNoiz
WhereNon
WhyZergatik
HowNola
How manyZenbat
How muchZenbat

Days of the Week in Basque

MondayAstelehena
TuesdayAstearteetan
WednesdayAsteazkena
ThursdayOsteguna
FridayOstirala
SaturdayLarunbatetan
SundayIgandea
YesterdayAtzoko
TodayGaur
TomorrowBihar

Months in Basque

JanuaryUrtarrila
FebruaryOtsailaren
MarchMartxoa
AprilApirilaren
MayMaiatza
JuneEkain
JulyUztailean
AugustAbuztua
SeptemberIraila
OctoberUrria
NovemberAzaroa
DecemberAbendua

Seasons in Basque

WinterNegua
SpringUdaberri
SummerUda
AutumnUdazkena

Telling Time in Basque

What time is itZer ordu da?
HoursOrdu
MinutesMinutu
SecondsSegundo
O clockGoizeko
HalfErdia
Quarter pastIragan laurdena
BeforeAurretik
AfterOndoren