Javanese (Båså Jåwå)

travel phpto to inspire Javanese language study
Photo by Artem Beliaikin on Unsplash

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Javanese?

Communication skills developed while learning Javanese can improve your interpersonal skills in your native langauge as well. Understanding Javanese enhances your opportunities in government, business, medicine, law, technology, military, industry, marketing, etc. Creativity is increased with the study of Javanese. Learning about another culture enables you to gain a more profound understanding of your own culture.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Javanese?

*** NOTES *** Javanese - baṣa Jawa - is the native language of about 40% of the population of Indonesia. Its speakers mostly live on the island of Java and are generally also fluent in Indonesian. It is related to Malay, Sundanese and Madurese, although not closely. Javanese has a strong literary tradition dating over 1000 years. Nowadays, the Latin alphabet, introduced by the Dutch, is used, although a separate Javanese alphabet exists for scholarly use. Javanese is spoken by 98 million people, most of whom are from the central and eastern parts of the island of Java, in Indonesia. There are also pockets of Javanese speakers in the northern coast of western Java.

Javanese Alphabet & Pronunciation


(ha)
[ha]

(na)
[na]

(ca)
[tʃa]

(ra)
[ra]

(ka)
[ka]

(da)
[d̪a]

(ta)
[t̪a]

(sa)
[sa]

(wa)
[wa]

(la)
[la]

(pa)
[pa]

(dha)
[ɖa]

(ja)
[dʒa]

(ya)
[ja]

(nya)
[ɲa]

(ma)
[ma]

(ga)
[ɡa]

(ba)
[ba]

(tha)
[ʈa]

(nga)
[ŋa]

(a)
[a]

(i)
[i]

(u)
[u]

(e)
[e]

(o)
[o]

Basic Phrases in Javanese

HelloHalo
GoodbyeSugeng
YesIya
NoOra
Excuse meNyuwun pangapunten
PleaseNggih
Thank youMatur nuwun
You are welcomeSira olèh
Do you speak englishApa sampeyan ngomong basa Inggris?
Do you understandApa sampeyan ngerti?
I understandKula mangertos
I do not understandAku ora ngerti
How are youPiye kabare?
Fine thanksApik, matur nuwun!
What is your nameSopo jenengmu
My name isNami kula
Pleased to meet youSeneng ketemu sampeyan

Javanese Grammar

Javanese Nouns

ManWong lanang ( )
WomanWong wadon ( )
BoyBocah lanang ( )
GirlWedok
CatKucing
DogAsu
FishIwak
WaterBanyu
MilkSusu
EggEndhog
HouseOmah
FlowerKembang
TreeWit
ShirtKlambi
PantsCelonone

Javanese Adjectives

Colors in Javanese

BlackIreng
WhitePutih
RedAbang
OrangeOranye
YellowKuning
GreenIjo
BlueBiru
PurpleWungu
PinkJambon
GrayWerna abu-abu
BrownCoklat

Numbers in Javanese

ZeroNol
OneSiji
TwoLoro
ThreeTelu
FourSekawan
FiveLima
SixOno
SevenPitu
EightWolung
NineNine
TenSepuluh
ElevenSewelas
TwelveRolas
TwentyPuluh
ThirtyTelung puluh
FortyPatang puluh
FiftySèket
SixtySewidak
SeventyPitung puluh
EightyWolung puluh
NinetySangang puluh
HundredAtus
ThousandSewu

Javanese Verbs

To beDadi
To haveDuwe
To wantPengin
To needPerlu
To helpNulung
To goTindak ning
To comeTeka
To eatMangan
To drinkNgombe
To speakNgomong

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Javanese Sentences

AndLan
OrUtawa
ButNanging
BecauseAmarga
WithKaro
AlsoUga
HoweverNanging
NeitherSanadyan
NorUga ora
IfYen
ThenBanjur

Useful Javanese Vocabulary

Javanese Questions

WhoSinten
WhatApa
WhenKapan
WhereIng pundi
WhyNapa
HowKepriye
How manyWonten pinten
How muchPinten

Days of the Week in Javanese

MondaySenin
TuesdayEsuk
WednesdayRebo
ThursdayKamis
FridayJumuah
SaturdaySabtu
SundayMinggu
YesterdayWingi
TodayDina iki
TomorrowSesuk

Months in Javanese

JanuaryJanuari
FebruaryFebruari
MarchMaret
AprilApril
MayMei
JuneJuni
JulyJuli
AugustAgustus
SeptemberSeptember
OctoberOktober
NovemberNovember
DecemberDesember

Seasons in Javanese

WinterMangsa
SpringSpring
SummerMusim panas
AutumnMusim gugur

Telling Time in Javanese

What time is itKados pipa
HoursJam
MinutesMenit
SecondsDetik
O clockEsuk
HalfSeparo
Quarter pastWaktu kepungkur
BeforeSadurunge
AfterSawise