Turkmen (Türkmen)

travel photo to inspire Turkmen language study
Turkmens in folk costume at the 20th Independence Day parade. Photo by Kerri-Jo Stewart, CC BY 2.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Turkmen?

You can communicate in Turkmen. Your marketable skills in the global economy are improved when you master Turkmen. Analytical skills improve when you study Turkmen. Turkmen expand one's view of the world, liberalize one's experiences, and make one more flexible and tolerant.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Turkmen?

Turkmen is rated as a category 3 language by the Foreign Service Institute. It is considered moderately difficult for English speakers to learn and takes an average of 44 weeks (or 1100 class hours) to gain professional working proficiency.

Turkmen Alphabet & Pronunciation

A a
(А а)
[ɑ]
B b
(Б б)
[b]
Ç ç
(Ч ч)
[tʃ]
D d
(Д д)
[d̪]
E e
(Ее/Ээ)
[e]
Ä ä
(Ә ә)
[æ]
F f
(Ф ф)
[ɸ]
G g
(Г г)
[g~ɢ~ʁ]
H h
(Х х)
[h~x]
I i
(И и)
[i]
J j
(Җ җ)
[dʒ]
Ž ž
(Ж ж)
[ʒ]
K k
(К к)
[k~q]
L l
(Л л)
[l~ɫ]
M m
(М м)
[m]
N n
(Н н)
[n]
Ň ň
(Ң ң)
[ŋ~ɴ]
O o
(О о)
[o]
Ö ö
(Ө ө)
[ø]
P p
(П п)
[p]
R r
(Р р)
[ɾ~r]
S s
(С с)
[θ]
Ş ş
(Ш ш)
[ʃ]
T t
(Т т)
[t̪]
U u
(У у)
[u]
Ü ü
(Ү ү)
[y]
W w
(В в)
[β]
Y y
(Ы ы)
[ɯ]
Ý ý
(Й й)
[j]
Z z
(З з)
[ð]

Basic Phrases in Turkmen

HelloSalam
GoodbyeHoş gal
YesHawa
Noýok
Excuse meBagyşlaň meni
PleaseHaýyş edýärin
Thank youSagbol
You are welcomeHoş geldiňiz
Do you speak englishIňlis dilinde gürleýärsiňizmi?
Do you understandDüşündiňmi?
I understandMen düşündim
I do not understandMen düşünemok
How are youÝagdaýlaryňyz nähili?
Fine thanksGowy, sag bol!
What is your nameAdyň näme?
My name isMeniň adym
Pleased to meet youTanyşanyma begenýärin

Turkmen Grammar

Turkmen Nouns

ManAdam
WomanAýal
BoyOglan
GirlGyz
CatPişik
DogIt
FishBalyk
WaterSuw
MilkSüýt
Eggýumurtga
HouseJaý
FlowerGül
TreeAgaç
ShirtKöýnek
PantsBalak

Turkmen Adjectives

Colors in Turkmen

BlackGara
WhiteAk
RedGyzyl
OrangeMämişi
YellowSary
Greenýaşyl
BlueGök
PurpleGyrmyzy
PinkGülgüne
Grayçal
BrownGoňur

Numbers in Turkmen

ZeroNol
OneBiri
TwoIki
Threeüç
FourDört
FiveBäş
SixAlty
Sevenýedi
EightSekiz
NineDokuz
TenOn
ElevenOn bir
TwelveOn iki
Twentyýigrimi
ThirtyOtuz
FortyKyrk
FiftyElli
SixtyAltmyş
Seventyýetmiş
EightySegsen
NinetyTogsan
Hundredýüz
ThousandMüň

Turkmen Verbs

To beBolmak
To haveBar bolmak
To wantIslemek
To needMätäç bolmak
To helpKömek etmek
To goGitmek
To comeGelmek
To eatIýmek
To drinkIçmek
To speakGürlemek

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Turkmen Sentences

AndWe
Orýa-da
ButEmma
BecauseSebäbi
WithBilen
AlsoŞeýle hem
HoweverŞeýle-de bolsa
Neitherýa-da ýok
Norýa-da däl
IfEger
ThenSoň

Useful Turkmen Vocabulary

Turkmen Questions

WhoKim
WhatNäme
WhenHaçan
WhereNirede
WhyNäme üçin
HowNädip
How manyNäçe sany
How muchNäçeräk

Days of the Week in Turkmen

MondayDuşenbe
TuesdaySişenbe
WednesdayÇarşenbe
ThursdayPenşenbe
FridayJuma
SaturdayŞenbe
Sunday
YesterdayDüýn
TodayBu gün
TomorrowErtir

Months in Turkmen

Januaryýanwar
FebruaryFewral
MarchMart
AprilAprel
MayMaý
JuneIýun
JulyIýul
AugustAwgust
SeptemberSentýabr
OctoberOktýabr
NovemberNoýabr
DecemberDekabr

Seasons in Turkmen

WinterGyş
SpringBahar
SummerTomus
AutumnGüýz

Telling Time in Turkmen

What time is itSagat näçe?
HoursSagat
MinutesMinut
SecondsSekunt
O clockSagat
Halfýarysy
Quarter pastçärýek geçdi
Beforeöň
AfterSoň