Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ)

travel phpto to inspire Punjabi language study
Photo by Nischal Masand on Unsplash

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Punjabi?

International travel is made easier and more pleasant when you know Punjabi. You are at a distinct advantage in the global market if you are bilingual. Communication skills developed while learning Punjabi can improve your interpersonal skills in your native langauge as well. Punjabi study leads to an appreciation of cultural diversity.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Punjabi?

*** NOTES *** This is the language spoken in the Indian state of Punjab and is one of the 22 official languages of India. Punjabi uses different tones - high, mid and low - as well as stresses, both of which can differentiate between otherwise identical words. Indian Punjabi also uses many Hindi and English loanwords - like the English word ‘bus’ in the audio clip below. There is some mutual intelligibility with Pakistani Punjabi but interestingly they both use different scripts. - Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, spoken by more than 40% of inhabitants mainly in the eastern Punjab province. Pakistani Punjabi has influences from Persian, Arabic and Urdu. There is some mutual understanding with Indian Pakistani although interestingly they both use different scripts. This app helps you learn Standard Punjabi which is the Majhi dialect spoken in Lahore. - Punjabi is spoken by over 100 million native speakers worldwide, ranking as the 10th most widely spoken language in the world. It is the native language of the Punjabi people, who associate with the historical Punjab region of India and Pakistan. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian Subcontinent. Among Indo-European languages, it is unusual due to the use of lexical tone.

Punjabi Alphabet & Pronunciation

uses arabic, devanagari, and other scripts, one of the languages of India


[–]

[ə]

[–]

[sə]

[ɦə]

[kə]

[kʰə]

[ɡə]

[kə̀]

[ŋə]

[t͡ʃə]

[t͡ʃʰə]

[d͡ʒə]

[t͡ʃə̀]

[ɲə]

[ʈə]

[ʈʰə]

[ɖə]

[ʈə̀]

[ɳə]

[t̪ə]

[t̪ʰə]

[d̪ə]

[t̪ə̀]

[nə]

[pə]

[pʰə]

[bə]

[pə̀]

[mə]

[jə]

[ɾə]

[lə]

[ʋə]

[ɽə]
ਸ਼
[ʃə]
ਜ਼
[ʃə]
ਖ਼
[xə]
ਫ਼
[xə]
ਗ਼
[ɣə]
ਲ਼
[ɭə]

[ə]

[aː]

[ɪ]

[iː]

[ʊ]

[uː]

[eː]

[ɛː]

[oː]

[ɔː]

Basic Phrases in Punjabi

Helloਸਤ ਸ੍ਰੀ ਅਕਾਲ (Sata srī akāla)
Goodbyeਅਲਵਿਦਾ (Alavidā)
Yesਹਾਂ (Hāṁ)
Noਨਹੀਂ (Nahīṁ)
Excuse meਮੈਨੂੰ ਮਾਫ਼ ਕਰੋ (Mainū māfa karō)
Pleaseਕ੍ਰਿਪਾ ਕਰਕੇ (Kripā karakē)
Thank youਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਧੰਨਵਾਦ (Tuhāḍā dhanavāda)
You are welcomeਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਸਵਾਗਤ ਹੈ (Tuhāḍā savāgata hai)
Do you speak englishਕੀ ਤੁਸੀਂਂਂ ਅੰਗ੍ਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਬੋਲਦੇ ਹੋ? (Kī tusīṁṁṁ agrēzī bōladē hō?)
Do you understandਕੀ ਤੁਸੀਂ ਸਮਝਦੇ ਹੋ? (Kī tusīṁ samajhadē hō?)
I understandਮੈਂ ਸੱਮਝਦਾ ਹਾਂ (Maiṁ samajhadā hāṁ)
I do not understandਮੈਨੂੰ ਸੱਮਝ ਨਹੀਂ ਆਉਂਦਾ (Mainū samajha nahīṁ ā'undā)
How are youਤੁਸੀ ਕਿਵੇਂ ਹੋ? (Tusī kivēṁ hō?)
Fine thanksਚੰਗਾ! ਧੰਨਵਾਦ! (Cagā! Dhanavāda!)
What is your nameਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਨਾਮ ਕੀ ਹੈ? (Tuhāḍā nāma kī hai?)
My name isਮੇਰਾ ਨਾਮ ਹੈ (Mērā nāma hai)
Pleased to meet youਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਮਿਲ ਕੇ ਖੁਸ਼ੀ ਹੋਈ (Tuhānū mila kē khuśī hō'ī)

Punjabi Grammar

Punjabi Nouns

Manਆਦਮੀ (Ādamī)
Woman.ਰਤ (.Rata)
Boyਮੁੰਡਾ (Muḍā)
Girlਇੱਕ ਕੁੜੀ (Ika kuṛī)
Catਬਿੱਲੀ (Bilī)
Dogਕੁੱਤਾ (Kutā)
Fishਮੱਛੀ (Machī)
Waterਪਾਣੀ (Pāṇī)
Milkਦੁੱਧ (Dudha)
Eggਅੰਡਾ (Aḍā)
Houseਘਰ (Ghara)
Flowerਫੁੱਲ (Phula)
Treeਰੁੱਖ (Rukha)
Shirtਕਮੀਜ਼ (Kamīza)
Pantsਪੈਂਟ (Paiṇṭa)

Punjabi Adjectives

Colors in Punjabi

Blackਕਾਲਾ (Kālā)
Whiteਚਿੱਟਾ (Ciṭā)
Redਲਾਲ (Lāla)
Orangeਸੰਤਰਾ (Satarā)
Yellowਪੀਲਾ (Pīlā)
Greenਹਰਾ (Harā)
Blueਨੀਲਾ (Nīlā)
Purpleਜਾਮਨੀ (Jāmanī)
Pinkਗੁਲਾਬੀ (Gulābī)
Grayਸਲੇਟੀ (Salēṭī)
Brownਭੂਰਾ (Bhūrā)

Numbers in Punjabi

Zeroਜ਼ੀਰੋ (Zīrō)
Oneਇਕ (Ika)
Twoਦੋ (Dō)
Threeਤਿੰਨ (Tina)
Fourਚਾਰ (Cāra)
Fiveਪੰਜ (Paja)
Sixਛੇ (Chē)
Sevenਸੱਤ (Sata)
Eightਅੱਠ (Aṭha)
Nineਨੌ (Nau)
Tenਦਸ (Dasa)
Elevenਗਿਆਰਾਂ (Gi'ārāṁ)
Twelveਬਾਰਾਂ (Bārāṁ)
Twentyਵੀਹ (Vīha)
Thirtyਤੀਹ (Tīha)
Fortyਚਾਲੀ (Cālī)
Fiftyਪੰਜਾਹ (Pajāha)
Sixtyਸੱਠ (Saṭha)
Seventyਸੱਤਰ (Satara)
Eightyਅੱਸੀ (Asī)
Ninetyਨੱਬੇ (Nabē)
Hundredਸੌ (Sau)
Thousandਹਜ਼ਾਰ (Hazāra)

Punjabi Verbs

To beਹੋਣ ਵਾਲਾ (Hōṇa vālā)
To haveਕੋਲ ਹੈ (Kōla hai)
To wantਚਾਹੁੰਦੇ ਹੋ (Cāhudē hō)
To needਲੋੜ ਹੈ (Lōṛa hai)
To helpਮਦਦ ਕਰਨਾ (Madada karanā)
To goਹੁਣੇ ਜਾਣਾ (Huṇē jāṇā)
To comeਆਣਾ (Āṇā)
To eatਖਾਣ ਲਈ (Khāṇa la'ī)
To drinkਪੀਣ ਲਈ (Pīṇa la'ī)
To speakਬੋਲਣ ਲਈ (Bōlaṇa la'ī)

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Punjabi Sentences

Andਅਤੇ (Atē)
Orਜਾਂ (Jāṁ)
Butਪਰ (Para)
Becauseਕਿਉਂਕਿ (Ki'uṅki)
Withਦੇ ਨਾਲ (Dē nāla)
Alsoਵੀ (Vī)
Howeverਪਰ (Para)
Neitherਨਾ ਹੀ (Nā hī)
Norਨਾ ਹੀ (Nā hī)
Ifਜੇ (Jē)
Thenਫਿਰ (Phira)

Useful Punjabi Vocabulary

Punjabi Questions

Whoਕੌਣ (Kauṇa)
Whatਕੀ (Kī)
Whenਜਦੋਂ (Jadōṁ)
Whereਕਿੱਥੇ (Kithē)
Whyਕਿਉਂ (Ki'uṁ)
Howਕਿਵੇਂ (Kivēṁ)
How manyਕਿੰਨੇ (Kinē)
How muchਕਿੰਨੇ ਹੋਏ (Kinē hō'ē)

Days of the Week in Punjabi

Mondayਸੋਮਵਾਰ (Sōmavāra)
Tuesdayਮੰਗਲਵਾਰ (Magalavāra)
Wednesdayਬੁੱਧਵਾਰ (Budhavāra)
Thursdayਵੀਰਵਾਰ ਨੂੰ (Vīravāra nū)
Fridayਸ਼ੁੱਕਰਵਾਰ (Śukaravāra)
Saturdayਸ਼ਨੀਵਾਰ (Śanīvāra)
Sundayਐਤਵਾਰ (Aitavāra)
Yesterdayਕੱਲ (Kala)
Todayਅੱਜ (Aja)
Tomorrowਕੱਲ (Kala)

Months in Punjabi

Januaryਜਨਵਰੀ (Janavarī)
Februaryਫਰਵਰੀ (Pharavarī)
Marchਮਾਰਚ (Māraca)
Aprilਅਪ੍ਰੈਲ (Apraila)
Mayਮਈ (Ma'ī)
Juneਜੂਨ (Jūna)
Julyਜੁਲਾਈ (Julā'ī)
Augustਅਗਸਤ (Agasata)
Septemberਸਤੰਬਰ (Satabara)
Octoberਅਕਤੂਬਰ (Akatūbara)
Novemberਨਵੰਬਰ (Navabara)
Decemberਦਸੰਬਰ (Dasabara)

Seasons in Punjabi

Winterਸਰਦੀ (Saradī)
Springਬਸੰਤ (Basata)
Summerਗਰਮੀ (Garamī)
Autumnਪਤਝੜ (Patajhaṛa)

Telling Time in Punjabi

What time is itਸਮਾਂ ਕੀ ਹੈ? (Samāṁ kī hai?)
Hoursਘੰਟੇ (Ghaṭē)
Minutesਮਿੰਟ (Miṭa)
Secondsਸਕਿੰਟ (Sakiṭa)
O clockਵਜੇ (Vajē)
Halfਅੱਧੇ (Adhē)
Quarter pastਤਿਮਾਹੀ (Timāhī)
Beforeਅੱਗੇ (Agē)
Afterਦੇ ਬਾਅਦ (Dē bā'ada)