Hindi (हिन्दी)

travel phpto to inspire Hindi language study
Photo by James Douglas on Unsplash

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

How Long Does it Take to Learn Hindi?

Hindi is rated as a category 3 language by the Foreign Service Institute. It is considered moderately difficult for English speakers to learn and takes an average of 44 weeks (or 1100 class hours) to gain professional working proficiency.

Hindi Alphabet & Pronunciation


[a]

[ā]

[i]

[ī]

[u]

[ū]

[ṛ]

[ṝ]

[ḷ]

[ḹ]

[ē]

[ai]

[ō]

[au]
अं
[aṃ]
अः
[aḥ]

[ê]

[ô]

[ka]

[kha]

[ga]

[gha]

[ṅa]

[ha]

[ca]

[cha]

[ja]

[jha]

[ña]

[ya]

[śa]

[ṭa]

[ṭha]

[ḍa]

[ḍha]

[ṇa]

[ra]

[ṣa]

[ta]

[tha]

[da]

[dha]

[na]

[la]

[sa]

[pa]

[pha]

[ba]

[bha]

[ma]

[va]

Basic Phrases in Hindi

Helloनमस्कार (namaskaar)
Goodbyeअलविदा (alavida)
Yesहाँ (haan)
Noनहीं (nahin)
Excuse meमुझे माफ करें (mujhe maaph karen)
Pleaseकृप्या (krpya)
Thank youधन्यवाद (dhanyavaad)
You are welcomeआपका स्वागत है (aapaka svaagat hai)
Do you speak englishक्या आप अंग्रेज़ी बोलते हैं? (kya aap angrezee bolate hain?)
Do you understandक्या आप समझे? (kya aap samajhe?)
I understandमै समझता हुँ (mai samajhata hun)
I do not understandमुझे समझ नहीं आता (mujhe samajh nahin aata)
How are youक्या हाल है? (kya haal hai?)
Fine thanksठीक है, धन्यवाद! (theek hai, dhanyavaad!)
What is your nameतुम्हारा नाम क्या हे? (tumhaara naam kya he?)
My name isमेरा नाम है (mera naam hai)
Pleased to meet youआपसे मिलकर खुशी हुई (aapase milakar khushee huee)

Hindi Grammar

Hindi Nouns

Manआदमी (aadamee)
Womanमहिला (mahila)
Boyलड़का (ladaka)
Girlएक लड़की (ek ladakee)
Catबिल्ली (billee)
Dogकुत्ता (kutta)
Fishमछली (machhalee)
Waterपानी (paanee)
Milkदूध (doodh)
Eggअंडा (aḍa)
Houseमकान (makaan)
Flowerफूल (phool)
Treeपेड़ (ped)
Shirtकमीज (kameej)
Pantsपैंट (paint)

Hindi Adjectives

Colors in Hindi

Blackकाली (kaalee)
Whiteसफेद (saphed)
Redलाल (laal)
Orangeसंतरा (santara)
Yellowपीला (peela)
Greenहरा (hara)
Blueनीला (neela)
Purpleबैंगनी (bainganee)
Pinkगुलाबी (gulaabee)
Grayधूसर (dhoosar)
Brownभूरा (bhoora)

Numbers in Hindi

Zeroशून्य (shoony)
Oneएक (ek)
Twoदो (do)
Threeतीन (teen)
Fourचार (chaar)
Fiveपांच (paanch)
Sixछह (chhah)
Sevenसात (saat)
Eightआठ (aath)
Nineनौ (nau)
Tenदस (das)
Elevenग्यारह (gyaarah)
Twelveबारह (baarah)
Twentyबीस (bees)
Thirtyतीस (tees)
Fortyचालीस (chaalees)
Fiftyपचास (pachaas)
Sixtyसाठ (saath)
Seventyसत्तर (sattar)
Eightyअस्सी (assee)
Ninetyनव्वे (navve)
Hundredसौ (sau)
Thousandहज़ार (hazaar)

Hindi Verbs

To beहोने के लिए (hone ke lie)
To haveरखने के लिए (rakhane ke lie)
To wantचाहने के लिए (chaahane ke lie)
To needजरूरत को (jaroorat ko)
To helpमदद करने (madad karane)
To goजाना (jaana)
To comeआना (aana)
To eatखाने के लिए (khaane ke lie)
To drinkपीने के लिए (peene ke lie)
To speakबोलना (bolana)

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Hindi Sentences

Andतथा (tatha)
Orया (ya)
Butपरंतु (parantu)
Becauseइसलिये (isaliye)
Withसाथ में (saath mein)
Alsoभी (bhee)
Howeverहालाँकि (haalaanki)
Neither (na)
Nor (na)
Ifअगर (agar)
Thenफिर (phir)

Useful Hindi Vocabulary

Hindi Questions

Whoकौन (kaun)
Whatक्या (kya)
Whenकब (kab)
Whereकहाँ पे (kahaan pe)
Whyक्यों (kyon)
Howकिस तरह (kis tarah)
How manyकितने (kitane)
How muchकितना (kitana)

Days of the Week in Hindi

Mondayसोमवार (somavaar)
Tuesdayमंगलवार (mangalavaar)
Wednesdayबुधवार (budhavaar)
Thursdayगुरूवार (guroovaar)
Fridayशुक्रवार (shukravaar)
Saturdayशनिवार (shanivaar)
Sundayरविवार (ravivaar)
Yesterdayबिता कल (bita kal)
Todayआज (aaj)
Tomorrowआने वाला कल (aane vaala kal)

Months in Hindi

Januaryजनवरी (janavaree)
Februaryफरवरी (pharavaree)
Marchमार्च (maarch)
Aprilअप्रैल (aprail)
Mayमई (maee)
Juneजून (joon)
Julyजुलाई (julaee)
Augustअगस्त (agast)
Septemberसितंबर (sitambar)
Octoberअक्टूबर (aktoobar)
Novemberनवंबर (navambar)
Decemberदिसंबर (disambar)

Seasons in Hindi

Winterसर्दी (sardee)
Springवसंत (vasant)
Summerगर्मी (garmee)
Autumnपतझड़ (patajhad)

Telling Time in Hindi

What time is itक्या समय हुआ है? (kya samay hua hai?)
Hoursघंटे (ghante)
Minutesमिनिट (minit)
Secondsसेकंड (sekand)
O clockबजे (baje)
Halfआधा (aadha)
Quarter pastपिछली तिमाही (pichhalee timaahee)
Beforeसे पहले (se pahale)
Afterउपरांत (uparaant)