Icelandic (Íslenska)

travel phpto to inspire Icelandic language study
Traditional Icelandic turf houses. Photo by Morini, Public Domain

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Icelandic?

You can communicate in Icelandic. Knowing Icelandic provides a competitive edge in career choices Aquiring a second language can improve your skills and grades in math and English. Studying the Icelandic Language creates more positive attitudes and less prejudice toward people who are different.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Icelandic?

Icelandic is rated as a category 3 language by the Foreign Service Institute. It is considered moderately difficult for English speakers to learn and takes an average of 44 weeks (or 1100 class hours) to gain professional working proficiency.

Icelandic Alphabet & Pronunciation

The Icelandic alphabet is a Latin-script alphabet including some letters duplicated with acute accents. It also includes the letter eth (Ðð), transliterated as 'd', and the runic letter thorn (Þþ), transliterated as 'th'. Ææ and Öö are considered letters in their own right and not a ligature or diacritical version of their respective letters. Icelanders call the ten extra letters 'séríslenskur'.

A a
(a)
Á á
(á)
B b
(bé)
D d
(dé)
Ð ð
(eð)
E e
(e)
É é
(é)
F f
(eff)
G g
(ge)
H h
(há)
I i
(i)
Í í
(í)
J j
(joð)
K k
(ká)
L l
(ell)
M m
(emm)
N n
(enn)
O o
(o)
Ó ó
(ó)
P p
(pé)
R r
(err)
S s
(ess)
T t
(té)
U u
(u)
Ú ú
(ú)
V v
(vaff)
X x
(ex)
Y y
(ufsilon y)
Ý ý
(ufsilon ý)
Þ þ
(þorn)
Æ æ
(æ)
Ö ö
(ö)
Z z
(seta)

Basic Phrases in Icelandic

HelloHalló
GoodbyeBless
Yes
NoNei
Excuse meAfsakið mig
PleaseVinsamlegast
Thank youÞakka þér fyrir
You are welcomeVerði þér að góðu
Do you speak englishTalar þú ensku?
Do you understandSkilur þú?
I understandég skil
I do not understandÉg skil ekki
How are youHvernig hefurðu það?
Fine thanksFínt takk!
What is your nameHvað heitir þú?
My name isÉg heiti
Pleased to meet youGaman að kynnast þér

Icelandic Grammar

Icelandic Nouns

ManMaður
WomanKonu
BoyStrákur
GirlStelpa
CatKöttur
DogHundur
FishFiskur
WaterVatn
MilkMjólk
EggEgg
HouseHús
FlowerBlóm
TreeTré
ShirtBolur
PantsBuxur

Icelandic Adjectives

Colors in Icelandic

BlackSvartur
WhiteHvítur
RedRauður
OrangeAppelsínugult
YellowGulur
GreenGrænt
BlueBlár
PurpleFjólublátt
PinkBleikur
GrayGrátt
BrownBrúnt

Numbers in Icelandic

ZeroNúll
OneEinn
TwoTveir
ThreeÞrír
FourFjórir
FiveFimm
SixSex
SevenSjö
EightÁtta
NineNíu
TenTíu
ElevenEllefu
TwelveTólf
TwentyTuttugu
Thirtyþrjátíu
FortyFjörutíu
FiftyFimmtíu
SixtySextíu
SeventySjötíu
Eightyáttatíu
NinetyNíutíu
HundredHundrað
Thousandþúsund

Icelandic Verbs

To beAð vera
To haveAð hafa
To wantAð vilja
To needAð þurfa
To helpTil að hjálpa
To goAð fara
To comeAð koma
To eatAð borða
To drinkAð drekka
To speakAð tala

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Icelandic Sentences

AndOg
OrEða
ButEn
BecauseVegna þess
WithMeð
AlsoEinnig
Howeverþó
NeitherHvorugt
NorNé heldur
IfEf
ThenÞá

Useful Icelandic Vocabulary

Icelandic Questions

WhoHver
WhatHvað
WhenHvenær
WhereHvar
WhyAf hverju
HowHvernig
How manyHversu margir
How muchHversu mikið

Days of the Week in Icelandic

MondayMánudagur
Tuesdayþriðjudag
WednesdayMiðvikudag
ThursdayFimmtudag
FridayFöstudag
SaturdayLaugardag
SundaySunnudag
Yesterdayí gær
Todayí dag
Tomorrowá morgun

Months in Icelandic

JanuaryJanúar
FebruaryFebrúar
MarchMars
AprilApríl
MayMaí
JuneJúní
JulyJúlí
AugustÁgúst
SeptemberSeptember
OctoberOktóber
NovemberNóvember
DecemberDesember

Seasons in Icelandic

WinterVetur
SpringVor
SummerSumar
AutumnHaust

Telling Time in Icelandic

What time is itHvað er klukkan?
HoursKlukkustundir
MinutesMínútur
SecondsSekúndur
O clockKlukkan
HalfHálf
Quarter pastKorter yfir
Beforeáður
AfterEftir