Marathi (मराठी)

Travel photo to inspire Marathi language study
Marathi couple in a traditional engagement ceremony. Photo by Kmohankar - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Marathi?

Marathi is an Indo-Aryan language spoken by about 73 million Marathi people of Maharashtra, India. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India. Marathi ranks 19th in the list of most spoken languages in the world. It is the 3rd largest language of India in terms of native speakers. Its closest relative is Hindi, with which it shares a writing system, the Devanagari script.

You can communicate in Marathi. Knowing Marathi provides a competitive edge in career choices Aquiring a second language can improve your skills and grades in math and English. Studying the Marathi Language creates more positive attitudes and less prejudice toward people who are different.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Marathi?

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Marathi Alphabet & Pronunciation


[a]

[ā]

[i]

[ī]

[u]

[ū]

[ṛ]

[ṝ]

[ḷ]

[ḹ]

[ē]

[ai]

[ō]

[au]
अं
[aṃ]
अः
[aḥ]

[ê]

[ô]

[ka]

[kha]

[ga]

[gha]

[ṅa]

[ha]

[ca]

[cha]

[ja]

[jha]

[ña]

[ya]

[śa]

[ṭa]

[ṭha]

[ḍa]

[ḍha]

[ṇa]

[ra]

[ṣa]

[ta]

[tha]

[da]

[dha]

[na]

[la]

[sa]

[pa]

[pha]

[ba]

[bha]

[ma]

[va]

Basic Phrases in Marathi

Helloनमस्कार (Namaskāra)
Goodbyeनिरोप (Nirōpa)
Yesहोय (Hōya)
Noनाही (Nāhī)
Excuse meमला माफ करा (Malā māpha karā)
Pleaseकृपया (Kr̥payā)
Thank youधन्यवाद (Dhan'yavāda)
You are welcomeआपले स्वागत आहे (Āpalē svāgata āhē)
Do you speak englishआपण इंग्रजी बोलता का? (Āpaṇa iṅgrajī bōlatā kā?)
Do you understandतुम्हाला समजले का? (Tumhālā samajalē kā?)
I understandमला समजले (Malā samajalē)
I do not understandमला कळत नाही (Malā kaḷata nāhī)
How are youतू कसा आहेस? (Tū kasā āhēsa?)
Fine thanksठिक आभारी आहे! (Ṭhika ābhārī āhē!)
What is your nameतुझं नाव काय आहे? (Tujhaṁ nāva kāya āhē?)
My name isमाझं नावं आहे (Mājhaṁ nāvaṁ āhē)
Pleased to meet youतुम्हाला भेटून आनंद झाला (Tumhālā bhēṭūna ānanda jhālā)

Marathi Grammar

Marathi Nouns

Manमनुष्य (Manuṣya)
Womanस्त्री (Strī)
Boyमुलगा (Mulagā)
Girlएक मुलगी (Ēka mulagī)
Catमांजर (Mān̄jara)
Dogकुत्रा (Kutrā)
Fishमासे (Māsē)
Waterपाणी (Pāṇī)
Milkदूध (Dūdha)
Eggअंडी (aḍa)
Houseघर (Ghara)
Flowerफूल (Phūla)
Treeझाड (Jhāḍa)
Shirtशर्ट (Śarṭa)
Pantsअर्धी चड्डी (Ardhī caḍḍī)

Marathi Adjectives

Colors in Marathi

Blackकाळा (Kāḷā)
Whiteपांढरा (Pāṇḍharā)
Redलाल (Lāla)
Orangeकेशरी (Kēśarī)
Yellowपिवळा (Pivaḷā)
Greenहिरवा (Hiravā)
Blueनिळा (Niḷā)
Purpleजांभळा (Jāmbhaḷā)
Pinkगुलाबी (Gulābī)
Grayराखाडी (Rākhāḍī)
Brownतपकिरी (Tapakirī)

Numbers in Marathi

Zeroशून्य (Śūn'ya)
Oneएक (Ēka)
Twoदोन (Dōna)
Threeतीन (Tīna)
Fourचार (Cāra)
Fiveपाच (Pāca)
Sixसहा (Sahā)
Sevenसात (Sāta)
Eightआठ (Āṭha)
Nineनऊ (Na'ū)
Tenदहा (Dahā)
Elevenअकरा (Akarā)
Twelveबारा (Bārā)
Twentyवीस (Vīsa)
Thirtyतीस (Tīsa)
Fortyचाळीस (Cāḷīsa)
Fiftyपन्नास (Pannāsa)
Sixtyसाठ (Sāṭha)
Seventyसत्तर (Sattara)
Eightyऐंशी (Ainśī)
Ninetyनव्वद (Navvada)
Hundredशंभर (Śambhara)
Thousandहजार (Hajāra)

Marathi Verbs

To beअसल्याचे (Asalyācē)
To haveआहेत (Āhēta)
To wantपाहिजे (Pāhijē)
To needगरज (Garaja)
To helpमदत करण्यासाठी (Madata karaṇyāsāṭhī)
To goजाण्यासाठी (Jāṇyāsāṭhī)
To comeयेणे (Yēṇē)
To eatखाणे (Khāṇē)
To drinkपिण्यास (Piṇyāsa)
To speakबोलणे (Bōlaṇē)

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Marathi Sentences

Andआणि (Āṇi)
Orकिंवा (Kinvā)
Butपरंतु (Parantu)
Becauseकारण (Kāraṇa)
Withसह (Saha)
Alsoदेखील (Dēkhīla)
Howeverतथापि (Tathāpi)
Neitherनाही (Nāhī)
Norकिंवा नाही (Kinvā nāhī)
Ifतर (Tara)
Thenमग (Maga)

Useful Marathi Vocabulary

Marathi Questions

Whoकोण (Kōṇa)
Whatकाय (Kāya)
Whenकधी (Kadhī)
Whereकुठे (Kuṭhē)
Whyका (Kā)
Howकसे (Kasē)
How manyकिती (Kitī)
How muchकिती (Kitī)

Days of the Week in Marathi

Mondayसोमवार (Sōmavāra)
Tuesdayमंगळवार (Maṅgaḷavāra)
Wednesdayबुधवार (Budhavāra)
Thursdayगुरुवार (Guruvāra)
Fridayशुक्रवार (Śukravāra)
Saturdayशनिवार (Śanivāra)
Sundayरविवारी (Ravivārī)
Yesterdayकाल (Kāla)
Todayआज (Āja)
Tomorrowउद्या (Udyā)

Months in Marathi

Januaryजानेवारी (Jānēvārī)
Februaryफेब्रुवारी (Phēbruvārī)
Marchमार्च (Mārca)
Aprilएप्रिल (Ēprila)
Mayमे (Mē)
Juneजून (Jūna)
Julyजुलै (Julai)
Augustऑगस्ट (Ŏgasṭa)
Septemberसप्टेंबर (Sapṭēmbara)
Octoberऑक्टोबर (Ŏkṭōbara)
Novemberनोव्हेंबर (Nōvhēmbara)
Decemberडिसेंबर (Ḍisēmbara)

Seasons in Marathi

Winterहिवाळा (Hivāḷā)
Springवसंत ऋतू (Vasanta r̥tū)
Summerउन्हाळा (Unhāḷā)
Autumnशरद .तूतील (Śarada.Tūtīla)

Telling Time in Marathi

What time is itकिती वाजले? (Kitī vājalē?)
Hoursतास (Tāsa)
Minutesमिनिटे (Miniṭē)
Secondsसेकंद (Sēkanda)
O clockवाजता (Vājatā)
Halfअर्धा (Ardhā)
Quarter pastसव्वा (Savvā)
Beforeआधी (Ādhī)
Afterनंतर (Nantara)