Turkish (Türkçe)

travel phpto to inspire Turkish language study
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ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Turkish?

Knowing Turkish opens the door to art, music, dance, fashion, cuisine, film, philosophy, and science You are at a distinct advantage in the global market if you are bilingual. Aquiring a second language can improve your skills and grades in math and English. Turkish expand one's view of the world, liberalize one's experiences, and make one more flexible and tolerant.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Turkish?

Turkish is rated as a category 3 language by the Foreign Service Institute. It is considered moderately difficult for English speakers to learn and takes an average of 44 weeks (or 1100 class hours) to gain professional working proficiency.

Turkish Alphabet & Pronunciation

The Turkish alphabet consists of 29 letters, seven of which (Ç, Ş, Ğ, I, İ, Ö, Ü) have been modified to represent modern Turkish pronunciation with a high degree of accuracy and specificity.

A a
(a as in father)
[a]
B b
(b as in boy)
[b]
Cc
(j as in joy)
[d͡ʒ]
Ç ç
(ch as in chair)
[t͡ʃ]
D d
(d as in dog)
[d]
E e
(e as in red)
[ε]
F f
(f as in far)
[f]
G g
(g as in got)
[g/ɟ]
Ğ ğ
(silent)
[ː/j]
H h
(h as in hot)
[h]
I i
(e as in open)
[ɯ]
İ i
(ee as in feet)
[i]
J j
(s as in measure)
[ʒ]
K k
(k as in kit)
[k/c]
L l
(l as in love)
[ɫ/l]
M m
(m as in man)
[m]
N n
(n as in nice)
[n]
O o
(o as in more)
[o]
Ö ö
(ur as in nurse)
[ø]
P p
(p as in pin)
[p]
R r
(tt as in better)
[r]
S s
(s as in song)
[s]
Ş ş
(sh as in show)
[ʃ]
T t
(t as in tick)
[t]
U u
(oo as in zoo)
[u]
Ü ü
(ee as in feet,
or ue as in cue)

[y]
V v
(v as in vat)
[v]
Y y
(y as in yes)
[j]
Z z
(z as in zigzag)
[z]

Basic Phrases in Turkish

HelloMerhaba
GoodbyeGüle güle
YesEvet
NoHayır
Excuse meAffedersiniz
PleaseLütfen
Thank youTeşekkür ederim
You are welcomeRica ederim
Do you speak englishİngilizce biliyor musunuz?
Do you understandAnlıyor musun?
I understandAnlıyorum
I do not understandAnlayamıyorum
How are youNasılsın?
Fine thanksİyiyim, teşekkürler!
What is your nameAdın ne?
My name isBenim ismim
Pleased to meet youTanıştığımıza memnun oldum

Turkish Grammar

Turkish Nouns

ManAdam
WomanKadın
BoyOğlan
GirlBir kız
CatKedi
DogKöpek
FishBalık
WaterSu
MilkSüt
EggYumurta
HouseEv
Flowerçiçek
TreeAğaç
ShirtGömlek
PantsPantolon

Turkish Adjectives

Colors in Turkish

BlackSiyah
WhiteBeyaz
RedKırmızı
OrangePortakal
YellowSarı
GreenYeşil
BlueMavi
PurpleMor
PinkPembe
GrayGri
BrownKahverengi

Numbers in Turkish

ZeroSıfır
OneBir
TwoIki
Threeüç
FourDört
FiveBeş
SixAltı
SevenYedi
EightSekiz
NineDokuz
TenOn
ElevenOn bir
TwelveOniki
TwentyYirmi
ThirtyOtuz
FortyKırk
FiftyElli
SixtyAltmış
SeventyYetmiş
EightySeksen
NinetyDoksan
HundredYüz
ThousandBin

Turkish Verbs

To beOlmak
To haveSahip olmak
To wantIstemek
To needIhtiyaç
To helpYardım etmek
To goGitmek
To comeGelmek
To eatYemek için
To drinkIçmek
To speakKonuşmak

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Turkish Sentences

AndVe
OrVeya
ButFakat
BecauseÇünkü
WithIle
AlsoAyrıca
HoweverAncak
NeitherNe
NorNe de
IfEğer
ThenSonra

Useful Turkish Vocabulary

Turkish Questions

WhoKim
WhatNe
WhenNe zaman
WhereNerede
WhyNeden
HowNasıl
How manyKaç
How muchNe kadar

Days of the Week in Turkish

MondayPazartesi
TuesdaySalı
WednesdayÇarşamba
ThursdayPerşembe
FridayCuma
SaturdayCumartesi
SundayPazar
YesterdayDün
TodayBugün
TomorrowYarın

Months in Turkish

JanuaryOcak
FebruaryŞubat
MarchMart
AprilNisan
MayMayıs
JuneHaziran
JulyTemmuz
AugustAğustos
SeptemberEylül
OctoberEkim
NovemberKasım
DecemberAralık

Seasons in Turkish

WinterKış
SpringBahar
SummerYaz
AutumnSonbahar

Telling Time in Turkish

What time is itSaat kaç?
HoursSaatler
MinutesDakika
SecondsSaniye
O clockSaat
HalfYarım
Quarter pastçeyrek geçe
Beforeönce
AfterSonra