Kinyarwanda (Ikinyarwanda)

travel photo to inspire Kinyarwanda language students
Coffee beans drying in Maraba. Coffee is one of Rwanda's major cash crops. Photo by Amakuru, CC BY-SA 3.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Kinyarwanda?

Knowing Kinyarwanda opens the door to art, music, dance, fashion, cuisine, film, philosophy, and science Understanding Kinyarwanda enhances your opportunities in government, business, medicine, law, technology, military, industry, marketing, etc. Creativity is increased with the study of Kinyarwanda. it fosters an understanding of the interrelation of language and human nature.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Kinyarwanda?

*** NOTES *** sometimes known simply as Rwanda, is spoken by more than 90% of the population of Rwanda, where it is the official language along with English, Swahili and French. Other speakers live in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Kinyarwanda speakers will also understand Kirundi, spoken in Burundi. Kinyarwanda is a tonal language - a high and a low tone are used to distinguish meaning and grammatical features.

Kinyarwanda Alphabet & Pronunciation

A a
[a/aː]
B b
[β/b]
C c
[t͡ʃ]
Cy cy
[c]
D d
[d]
E e
[e/eː]
Ff
[f]
G g
[g/ɟ]
H h
[h]
I i
[i/iː]
J j
[ʒ]
Jy jy
[ɟ]
K k
[k/c]
M m
[m]
N n
[n/ŋ]
Ny ny
[ɲ]
O o
[o/oː]
P p
[p]
Pf pf
[p͡f]
R r
[ɾ]
S s
[s]
T t
[t]
Ts ts
[t͡s]
U u
[u/uː]
V v
[v]
W w
[w]
Y y
[j]
Z z
[z]

Basic Phrases in Kinyarwanda

HelloMuraho
GoodbyeMuraho
YesYego
NoOya
Excuse meMumbabarire
PleaseNyamuneka
Thank youMurakoze
You are welcomeUrahawe ikaze
Do you speak englishUvuga icyongereza?
Do you understandUrumva?
I understandNdabyumva
I do not understandSinumva
How are youMumeze mute?
Fine thanksNibyiza, urakoze!
What is your nameWitwa nde?
My name isNitwa
Pleased to meet youNishimiye guhura nawe

Kinyarwanda Grammar

Kinyarwanda Nouns

ManUmuntu
WomanUmugore
BoyUmuhungu
GirlUmukobwa
CatInjangwe
DogImbwa
FishAmafi
WaterAmazi
MilkAmata
EggAmagi
HouseInzu
FlowerIndabyo
TreeIgiti
ShirtIshati
PantsIpantaro

Kinyarwanda Adjectives

Colors in Kinyarwanda

BlackUmukara
WhiteCyera
RedUmutuku
OrangeOrange
YellowUmuhondo
GreenIcyatsi
BlueUbururu
PurpleIbara ry'umuyugubwe
PinkUmutuku
GrayImvi
BrownUmukara

Numbers in Kinyarwanda

ZeroZeru
OneImwe
TwoBibiri
ThreeBitatu
FourBine
FiveBitanu
SixAtandatu
SevenKarindwi
EightUmunani
NineIcyenda
TenIcumi
ElevenCumi n'umwe
TwelveCumi na kabiri
TwentyMakumyabiri
ThirtyMirongo itatu
FortyMirongo ine
FiftyMirongo itanu
SixtyMirongo itandatu
SeventyMirongo irindwi
EightyMirongo inani
NinetyMirongo cyenda
HundredIjana
ThousandIgihumbi

Kinyarwanda Verbs

To beKuba
To haveKugira
To wantGushaka
To needGukenera
To helpGufasha
To goKugenda
To comeKuza
To eatKurya
To drinkKunywa
To speakKuvuga

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Kinyarwanda Sentences

AndNa
OrCyangwa
ButAriko
BecauseKubera
WithHamwe na
AlsoNa
HoweverAriko
NeitherNta na kimwe
NorCyangwa
IfNiba
ThenHanyuma

Useful Kinyarwanda Vocabulary

Kinyarwanda Questions

WhoNinde
WhatIki
WhenRyari
WhereHe
WhyKubera iki
HowGute
How manyBangahe
How muchAngahe

Days of the Week in Kinyarwanda

MondayKu wa mbere
TuesdayKu wa kabiri
WednesdayKu wa gatatu
ThursdayKu wa kane
FridayKu wa gatanu
SaturdayKu wa gatandatu
SundayKu cyumweru
YesterdayEjo
TodayUyu munsi
TomorrowEjo

Months in Kinyarwanda

JanuaryMutarama
FebruaryGashyantare
MarchWerurwe
AprilMata
MayGicurasi
JuneKamena
JulyNyakanga
AugustKanama
SeptemberNzeri
OctoberUkwakira
NovemberUgushyingo
DecemberKigarama

Seasons in Kinyarwanda

WinterImbeho
SpringIsoko
SummerIcyi
AutumnIgihe cy'izuba

Telling Time in Kinyarwanda

What time is itNi gihe ki?
HoursAmasaha
MinutesIminota
SecondsAmasegonda
O clockIsaha
HalfKimwe cya kabiri
Quarter pastIgihembwe gishize
BeforeMbere
AfterNyuma