Tajik (Тоҷикӣ)

travel phpto to inspire Tajik language study
Tajik children in Bukhara by LBM1948 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Tajik?

Learning Tajik improves the knowledge of your own language. Adding Tajik language skills to your business skills make you a more valuable an employee in the marketplace. Communication skills developed while learning Tajik can improve your interpersonal skills in your native langauge as well. Tajik expand one's view of the world, liberalize one's experiences, and make one more flexible and tolerant.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Tajik?

Tajiki is rated as a category 3 language by the Foreign Service Institute. It is considered moderately difficult for English speakers to learn and takes an average of 44 weeks (or 1100 class hours) to gain professional working proficiency.

Tajik Alphabet & Pronunciation

Tajik Persian is currently written in Cyrillic script, although it was written in the Latin script beginning in 1928, and the Arabic alphabet prior to 1928. The Tajik alphabet added six additional letters that are distinguished in the Tajik orthography by the use of diacritics.

А а
(a)
[a]
Б б
(be)
[b]
В в
(ve)
[v]
Г г
(ge)
[g]
Д д
(de)
[d]
Е е
(ye)
[e]
Ж ж
(zhe)
[zj]
З з
(ze)
[z]
И и
(i)
[i]
І і
(dotted i)
[i]
К к
(ka)
[k]
Л л
(el)
[l]
М м
(em)
[m]
Н н
(en)
[n]
О о
(o)
[o]
П п
(pe)
[p]
Р р
(er)
[r]
С с
(es)
[s]
Т т
(te)
[t]
У у
(u)
[oo]
Ф ф
(ef)
[h]
Х х
(kha)
[h]
Ц ц
(tse)
[tz]
Ч ч
(che)
[ch]
Ш ш
(sha)
[sh]
Щ щ
(shcha)
[sht]
Ъ ъ
(yer)
[u]
Ы ы
(front yer)
[ɨ]
Ь ь
(yeri)
[э]
Ээ
(e)
[y]
Юю
(yu)
[you]
Яя
(ya)
[ya]

Basic Phrases in Tajik

HelloСалом (Salom)
GoodbyeХайр (Xajr)
Yesбале (ʙale)
Noнест (nest)
Excuse meбубахшед (ʙuʙaxşed)
PleaseЛутфан (Lutfan)
Thank youсипос (sipos)
You are welcomeхушомадед (xuşomaded)
Do you speak englishШумо бо забони англисӣ гап зада метавонед? (Şumo ʙo zaʙoni anglisī gap zada metavoned?)
Do you understandШумо фаҳмидед? (Şumo fahmided?)
I understandман мефаҳмам (man mefahmam)
I do not understandман намефаҳмам (man namefahmam)
How are youШумо чӣ хелед? (Şumo cī xeled?)
Fine thanksХубам ташаккур! (Xuʙam taşakkur!)
What is your nameНоми шумо чӣ? (Nomi şumo cī?)
My name isНоми ман (Nomi man)
Pleased to meet youАз шиносоӣ бо шумо шодам (Az şinosoī ʙo şumo şodam)

Tajik Grammar

Tajik Nouns

Manмардона (mardona)
Womanзанона (zanona)
Boyписарбача (pisarʙaca)
Girlдухтаре (duxtare)
Catгурба (gurʙa)
Dogсаг (sag)
Fishмоҳӣ (mohī)
Waterоб (oʙ)
Milkшир (şir)
Eggтухм (tuxm)
Houseхона (xona)
Flowerгул (gul)
Treeдарахт (daraxt)
Shirtҷома (çoma)
Pantsшим (şim)

Tajik Adjectives

Colors in Tajik

Blackсиёҳ (sijoh)
Whiteсафед (safed)
Redсурх (surx)
Orangeноранҷӣ (norançī)
Yellowзард (zard)
Greenсабз (saʙz)
Blueкабуд (kaʙud)
Purpleарғувон (arƣuvon)
Pinkгулобӣ (guloʙī)
Grayхокистарранг (xokistarrang)
Brownқаҳваранг (qahvarang)

Numbers in Tajik

Zeroсифр (sifr)
OneЯк (Jak)
TwoДу (Du)
ThreeСе (Se)
FourЧор (Cor)
FiveПанҷ (Panç)
SixШаш (Şaş)
SevenҲафт (Haft)
EightҲашт (Haşt)
NineНӯҳ (Nūh)
Tenдаҳ (dah)
ElevenЁздаҳ (Jozdah)
TwelveДувоздаҳ (Duvozdah)
Twentyбисту (ʙistu)
Thirtyсӣ (sī)
Fortyчил (cil)
FiftyПанҷоҳ (Pançoh)
Sixtyшаст (şast)
Seventyҳафтод (haftod)
Eightyҳаштод (haştod)
Ninetyнавад (navad)
Hundredсад (sad)
Thousandҳазор (hazor)

Tajik Verbs

To beбудан (ʙudan)
To haveдоштан (doştan)
To wantмехоҳанд (mexohand)
To needлозим аст (lozim ast)
To helpкумак кунанд (kumak kunand)
To goрафтан (raftan)
To comeомадан (omadan)
To eatхӯрдан (xūrdan)
To drinkнӯшидан (nūşidan)
To speakсухан ронда (suxan ronda)

Building Simple Sentences

The word order of Tajiki Persian is subject–object–verb.

More Complex Tajik Sentences

Andва (va)
Orё (jo)
Butаммо (ammo)
Becauseзеро (zero)
Withбо (ʙo)
Alsoниз (niz)
Howeverаммо (ammo)
Neitherна (na)
Norна (na)
Ifагар (agar)
Thenбаъд (ʙa'd)

Useful Tajik Vocabulary

Tajik Questions

Whoки (ki)
Whatчӣ (cī)
Whenкай (kaj)
Whereкуҷо (kuço)
Whyчаро (caro)
HowЧӣ хел (Cī xel)
How manyчӣ қадар (cī qadar)
How muchчӣ қадар (cī qadar)

Days of the Week in Tajik

MondayДушанбе (Duşanʙe)
Tuesdayсешанбе (seşanʙe)
WednesdayЧоршанбе (Corşanʙe)
ThursdayПанҷшанбе (Pançşanʙe)
FridayҶумъа (Çum'a)
Saturdayшанбе (şanʙe)
SundayЯкшанбе (Jakşanʙe)
Yesterdayдирӯз (dirūz)
Todayимрӯз (imrūz)
Tomorrowфардо (fardo)

Months in Tajik

JanuaryЯнвар (Janvar)
FebruaryФеврал (Fevral)
MarchМарт (Mart)
AprilАпрел (Aprel)
MayМай (Maj)
JuneИюн (Ijun)
JulyИюл (Ijul)
AugustАвгуст (Avgust)
SeptemberСентябр (Sentjaʙr)
OctoberОктябр (Oktjaʙr)
NovemberНоябр (Nojaʙr)
DecemberДекабр (Dekaʙr)

Seasons in Tajik

Winterзимистон (zimiston)
Springбаҳор (ʙahor)
Summerтобистон (toʙiston)
Autumnтирамоҳ (tiramoh)

Telling Time in Tajik

What time is itСоат чанд? (Soat cand?)
Hoursсоат (soat)
Minutesдақиқа (daqiqa)
Secondsсонияҳо (sonijaho)
O clockсоати (soati)
Halfнисфи (nisfi)
Quarter pastсемоҳаи гузашта (semohai guzaşta)
Beforeпеш (peş)
Afterпас аз (pas az)