Chinese (中文)

travel phpto to inspire Chinese language study
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ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Chinese?

Learning Chinese improves the knowledge of your own language. Understanding Chinese enhances your opportunities in government, business, medicine, law, technology, military, industry, marketing, etc. Aquiring a second language can improve your skills and grades in math and English. You can participate more effectively and responsibly in a multi-cultural world if you know Chinese

How Long Does it Take to Learn Chinese?

Mandarin Chinese is rated as a category 4 language by the Foreign Service Institute. It is considered exceptionally difficult for English speakers to learn and takes an average of 88 weeks (or 2200 class hours) to gain professional working proficiency.

Chinese Alphabet & Pronunciation

Hanyu Pinyin, often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization system for Standard Chinese in mainland China and to some extent in Taiwan. It is often used to teach Standard Mandarin Chinese, which is normally written using Chinese characters. The system includes four diacritics denoting tones.

b
[p]
p
[pʰ]
m
[m]
f
[f]
d
[t]
t
[tʰ]
n
[n]
l
[l]
g
[k]
k
[kʰ]
h
[x]
j
[tɕ]
q
[tɕʰ]
x
[ɕ]
zh
[ʈʂ]
ch
[ʈʂʰ]
sh
[ʂ]
r
[ɻ~ʐ]
z
[ts]
c
[tsʰ]
s
[s]
w
[w]
y
[j]
-i
[ɹ̩~z̩]
a
[a]
e
[ɤ]
ai
[ai̯]
ei
[ei̯]
ao
[au̯]
ou
[ou̯]
an
[an]
en
[ən]
ang
[aŋ]
eng
[əŋ]
ong
[ʊŋ]
er
[aɚ̯]
i
[i]
ia
[ja]
ie
[je]
iao
[jau̯]
iu
[jou̯]
ian
[jɛn]
in
[in]
iang
[jaŋ]
ing
[iŋ]
iong
[jʊŋ]
u
[u]
ua
[wa]
uo
[wo]
uai
[wai̯]
ui
[wei̯]
uan
[wan]
un
[wən]
uang
[waŋ]
(n/a)
[wəŋ]
u
[y]
ue
[ɥe]
uan
[ɥɛn]
un
[yn]
ê
[ɛ]
o
[ɔ]
io
[jɔ]

Basic Phrases in Chinese

Hello你好 (Nǐ hǎo)
Goodbye再见 (Zàijiàn)
Yes (Shì)
No没有 (Méiyǒu)
Excuse me劳驾 (Láojià)
Please (Qǐng)
Thank you谢谢 (Xièxiè)
You are welcome别客气 (Bié kèqì)
Do you speak english你会说英语吗? (Nǐ huì shuō yīngyǔ ma?)
Do you understand你理解吗? (Nǐ lǐjiě ma?)
I understand我明白 (Wǒ míngbái)
I do not understand我不明白 (Wǒ bù míngbái)
How are you你好吗 (Nǐ hǎo ma?)
Fine thanks很好,谢谢! (Hěn hǎo, xièxiè!)
What is your name请问你贵姓大名? (Qǐngwèn nǐ guìxìng dàmíng?)
My name is我的名字是 (Wǒ de míngzì shì)
Pleased to meet you很高兴见到你 (Hěn gāoxìng jiàn dào nǐ)

Chinese Grammar

Chinese Nouns

Man男人 (Nánrén)
Woman女人 (Nǚrén)
Boy男孩 (Nánhái)
Girl一个女孩 (Yīgè nǚhái)
Cat (Māo)
Dog (Gǒu)
Fish (Yú)
Water (Shuǐ)
Milk牛奶 (Niúnǎi)
Egg (Dàn)
House房子 (Fanzhi)
Flower (Huā)
Tree (Shù)
Shirt衬衫 (Chènshān)
Pants裤子 (Kùzi)

Chinese Adjectives

Colors in Chinese

Black黑色的 (Hēisè de)
White白色 (Báisè)
Red红色 (Hóngsè)
Orange橙子 (Chéngzi)
Yellow黄色 (Huángsè)
Green绿色 (Lǜsè)
Blue蓝色 (Lán sè)
Purple紫色 (Zǐsè)
Pink (Fěn)
Gray灰色 (Huīsè)
Brown棕色 (Zōngsè)

Numbers in Chinese

Zero (Líng)
One (Yī)
Two两个 (Liǎng gè)
Three (Sān)
Four四个 (Sì gè)
Five (Wǔ)
Six (Liù)
Seven (Qī)
Eight (Bā)
Nine (Jiǔ)
Ten四月 (Sì yuè)
Eleven十一 (Shíyī)
Twelve十二 (Shí'èr)
Twenty二十多岁 (Èrshí duō suì)
Thirty三十 (Sānshí)
Forty四十 (Sìshí)
Fifty五十 (Wǔshí)
Sixty六十 (Liùshí)
Seventy七十 (Qīshí)
Eighty八十 (Bāshí)
Ninety九十 (Jiǔshí)
Hundred (Bǎi)
Thousand (Qiān)

Chinese Verbs

To be成为 (Chéngwéi)
To have拥有 (Yǒngyǒu)
To want想要 (Xiǎng yào)
To need需要 (Xūyào)
To help帮助 (Bāngzhù)
To go (Qù)
To come (Lái)
To eat去吃 (Qù chī)
To drink (Hē)
To speak说话 (Shuōhuà)

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Chinese Sentences

And (Hé)
Or要么 (Yàome)
But (Dàn)
Because因为 (Yīnwèi)
With (Yǔ)
Also (Yě)
However然而 (Rán'ér)
Neither都不 (Dōu bù)
Nor也不 (Yě bù)
If如果 (Rúguǒ)
Then然后 (Ránhòu)

Useful Chinese Vocabulary

Chinese Questions

Who (Shéi)
What什么 (Shénme)
When什么时候 (Shénme shíhòu)
Where哪里 (Nǎlǐ)
Why为什么 (Wèishéme)
How怎么样 (Zěnme yàng)
How many多少 (Duōshǎo)
How much多少 (Duōshǎo)

Days of the Week in Chinese

Monday星期一 (Xīngqí yī)
Tuesday星期二 (Xīngqí'èr)
Wednesday星期三 (Xīngqísān)
Thursday星期四 (Xīngqísì)
Friday星期五 (Xīngqíwǔ)
Saturday四月 (Sì yuè)
Sunday星期日 (Xīngqírì)
Yesterday昨天 (Zuótiān)
Today今天 (Jīntiān)
Tomorrow明天 (Míngtiān)

Months in Chinese

January一月 (Yī yuè)
February二月 (Èr yuè)
March游行 (Yóuxíng)
April四月 (Sì yuè)
May可以 (Kěyǐ)
June六月 (Liù yuè)
July七月 (Qī yuè)
August八月 (Bā yuè)
September九月 (Jiǔ yuè)
October十月 (Shí yuè)
November十一月 (Shíyī yuè)
December十二月 (Shí'èr yuè)

Seasons in Chinese

Winter冬天 (Dōngtiān)
Spring弹簧 (Tánhuáng)
Summer夏天 (Xiàtiān)
Autumn秋季 (Qiūjì)

Telling Time in Chinese

What time is it现在是几奌? (Xiànzài shì jǐ diǎn?)
Hours小时 (Xiǎoshí)
Minutes分钟 (Fēnzhōng)
Seconds (Miǎo)
O clock (Shí)
Half (Bàn)
Quarter past四分之一过去 (Sì fēn zhī yī guòqù)
Before之前 (Zhīqián)
After (Hòu)