Irish (Gaeilge)

travel phpto to inspire Irish language study
The Uragh Stone Circle. Photo by mozzercork, CC BY 2.0,

ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Irish?

International travel is made easier and more pleasant when you know Irish. Understanding Irish enhances your opportunities in government, business, medicine, law, technology, military, industry, marketing, etc. Aquiring a second language can improve your skills and grades in math and English. Learning another language is part of a liberal education.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Irish?

*** NOTES *** Irish belongs to the Goidelic branch of the Celtic languages and so has more in common with Manx and Scottish Gaelic than with Welsh, Breton or Cornish. Irish, also known as Gaelic, is spoken by the minority of the population in Ireland, but there are regions called Gaeltacht - mostly found on the West coast of Ireland - where Irish is still the main language of daily communication. There are three main dialects, roughly correlating to Western, Southern and Northern Irish. With uTalk, you’ll learn the Connaught (Western) accent.

Irish Alphabet & Pronunciation

The alphabet now used for writing the Irish language consists of the following letters of the Latin script. The acute accent over the vowels is ignored for purposes of alphabetization. Modern loanwords also make use of j (jé), k (cá), q (cú), v (vé), w (wae), x (eacs), y (yé), and z (zae). Of these, v is the most common.

a
(á)
á
(á)
b
(bé)
c
(cé)
d
(dé)
e
(é)
é
(é)
f
(eif)
g
(gé)
h
(héis)
i
(í)
í
(í)
l
(eil)
m
(eim)
n
(ein)
o
(ó)
ó
(ó)
p
(pé)
r
(ear)
s
(eas)
t
(té)
u
(ú)
ú
(ú)

Basic Phrases in Irish

HelloDia dhuit
GoodbyeSlán
Yes
NoUimh
Excuse meGabh mo leithscéal
PleaseLe do thoil
Thank youGo raibh maith agat
You are welcomeTá fáilte romhat
Do you speak englishAn bhfuil Béarla agat?
Do you understandAn dtuigeann tú?
I understandTuigim
I do not understandNí thuigim
How are youConas tá tú?
Fine thanksGo maith go raibh maith agat!
What is your nameCad is ainm duit?
My name isIs ainm dom
Pleased to meet youTá áthas orm bualadh leat

Irish Grammar

Irish Nouns

ManFear
WomanBean
BoyBuachaill
GirlCailín
CatCat
DogMadra
FishIasc
WaterUisce
MilkBainne
EggUbh
HouseTeach
FlowerBláth
TreeCrann
ShirtLéine
PantsPants

Irish Adjectives

Colors in Irish

BlackDubh
WhiteBán
RedDearg
OrangeOráiste
YellowBuí
GreenGlas
BlueGorm
PurpleCorcra
PinkBándearg
GrayLiath
BrownDonn

Numbers in Irish

ZeroNialas
OneCeann
TwoDhá cheann
ThreeTriúr
FourCeithre
FiveCúig
SixSeisear
SevenSeacht
EightOchtar
NineNaoi
TenDeich
ElevenAon cheann déag
TwelveDáréag
TwentyFiche
ThirtyTríocha
FortyDaichead
FiftyCaoga
SixtySeasca
SeventySeachtó
EightyOchtó
NinetyNócha
HundredCéad
ThousandMíle

Irish Verbs

To beA bheith
To haveA bheith acu
To wantA bheith ag iarraidh
To needA bheith ag teastáil
To helpCabhrú
To goLe dul
To comeTar
To eatIth
To drinkól
To speakChun labhairt

Building Simple Sentences

Word order in Irish is of the form VSO (verb–subject–object).

More Complex Irish Sentences

AndAgus
Or
ButAch
BecauseMar
WithLe
AlsoFreisin
HoweverAch
NeitherCeachtar
Nor
If
ThenAnsin

Useful Irish Vocabulary

Irish Questions

Who
WhatCad
WhenCathain
Whereáit
WhyCén fáth
HowConas
How manyCé mhéad
How muchCé mhéad

Days of the Week in Irish

MondayDé Luain
TuesdayDé Luain
WednesdayDé Céadaoin
ThursdayDéardaoin
FridayDé hAoine
SaturdayDé Sathairn
SundayDé Domhnaigh
YesterdayInné
TodayInniu
TomorrowAmárach

Months in Irish

JanuaryEanáir
FebruaryFeabhra
MarchMárta
AprilAibreán
MayBealtaine
JuneMeitheamh
JulyIúil
AugustLúnasa
SeptemberMeán Fómhair
OctoberDeireadh Fómhair
NovemberSamhain
DecemberNollaig

Seasons in Irish

WinterGheimhreadh
SpringEarrach
SummerSamhradh
AutumnSan fhómhar

Telling Time in Irish

What time is itCén t-am é?
HoursUair an chloig
MinutesNóiméad
SecondsSoicind
O clockA chlog
HalfLeath
Quarter pastCeathrú anuas
BeforeRoimh
AfterTar éis