Welsh (Cymraeg)

travel phpto to inspire Welsh language study
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ALPHABET MATCHING GAME VOCABULARY FLASHCARDS

Why learn Welsh?

International travel is made easier and more pleasant when you know Welsh. Four out of five new jobs in the US are created as a result of foreign trade. Communication skills developed while learning Welsh can improve your interpersonal skills in your native langauge as well. As immigration increases we need to prepare for changes in society.

How Long Does it Take to Learn Welsh?

*** NOTES *** Welsh is one of the six Celtic languages and is most closely related to Breton and Cornish, with weaker ties to Manx, Irish and Scottish Gaelic. It is an official language in Wales, where the largest number of speakers are in the North and West of the country. During the last century, Welsh went into decline but never died out, and currently about 20% of the population speaks the language. All schoolchildren in Wales up to the age of 16 learn Welsh, and a fifth of primary school children receive their education in the language. Welsh is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages. It is spoken natively in Wales, by few in England, and in Y Wladfa (the Welsh colony in Chubut Province, Argentina). The Welsh Language (Wales) Measure 2011 gave the Welsh language official status in Wales, making it the only language that is de jure official in any part of the United Kingdom, with English being de facto official. Thus, official documents and procedures require Welsh and English to be given equality in the conduct of the proceedings of the National Assembly for Wales.

Welsh Alphabet & Pronunciation

A a
(a)
B b
(bi)
C c
(ec)
Ch ch
( èch)
D d
(di)
Dd dd
(èdd)
E e
(e)
F f
(èf)
Ff ff
(èff)
Gg
(èg)
Ng ng
(èng)
H h
(aets)
I i
(i)
J j
(je)
L l
(el)
Ll ll
(èll)
M m
(em)
N n
(en)
O o
(o)
P p
(pi)
Ph ph
(ffi)
R r
(er)
Rh rh
( rhi)
S s
(ès)
T t
(ti)
Th th
(èth)
U u
(u)
W w
( w)
Y y
(ỳ)

Basic Phrases in Welsh

HelloHelo
GoodbyeHwyl fawr
YesIe
NoNa
Excuse meEsgusodwch fi
PleaseOs gwelwch yn dda
Thank youDiolch
You are welcomeCroeso
Do you speak englishWyt ti'n siarad Saesneg?
Do you understandWyt ti'n deall?
I understandRwy'n deall
I do not understandDw i ddim yn deall
How are youSut wyt ti?
Fine thanksIawn diolch!
What is your nameBeth yw dy enw?
My name isFy enw i yw
Pleased to meet youYn falch o gwrdd â chi ( )

Welsh Grammar

Welsh Nouns

ManDyn
WomanFenyw
BoyBachgen
GirlMerch
CatCath
DogCi
FishPysgod
WaterDwr
MilkLlaeth
EggWy
House
FlowerBlodyn
TreeCoeden
ShirtCrys
PantsNhrôns

Welsh Adjectives

Colors in Welsh

BlackDu
WhiteGwyn
RedCoch
OrangeOren
YellowMelyn
GreenGwyrdd
BlueGlas
PurplePorffor
PinkPinc
GrayLlwyd
BrownBrown

Numbers in Welsh

ZeroSero
OneUn
TwoDau
ThreeTri
FourPedwar
FivePump
SixChwech
SevenSaith
EightWyth
NineNaw
TenDeg
ElevenUn ar ddeg
TwelveDeuddeg
TwentyUgain
ThirtyDeg ar hugain
FortyDeugain
FiftyHanner cant
SixtyTrigain
SeventySaith deg
EightyWythdeg
NinetyNaw deg
HundredCant
ThousandMil

Welsh Verbs

To beI fod
To haveI gael
To wantI eisiau
To needI angen
To helpI helpu
To goI fynd
To comeI ddod
To eatBwyta
To drinkI yfed
To speakI siarad

Building Simple Sentences

More Complex Welsh Sentences

AndA
OrNeu
ButOnd
BecauseAchos
WithGyda
AlsoHefyd
HoweverFodd bynnag
NeitherYchwaith
NorNac ychwaith
IfOs
ThenYna

Useful Welsh Vocabulary

Welsh Questions

WhoPwy
WhatBeth
WhenPryd
WhereLle
WhyPam
HowSut
How manyFaint
How muchFaint

Days of the Week in Welsh

MondayDydd Llun
TuesdayDydd Mawrth
WednesdayDydd Mercher
ThursdayDydd Iau
FridayDydd Gwener
SaturdaySadwrn
SundayDydd Sul
YesterdayDdoe
TodayHeddiw
TomorrowYfory

Months in Welsh

JanuaryIonawr
FebruaryChwefror
MarchMawrth
AprilEbrill
MayMai
JuneMehefin
JulyGorffennaf
AugustAwst
SeptemberMedi
OctoberHydref
NovemberTachwedd
DecemberRhagfyr

Seasons in Welsh

WinterGaeaf
SpringGwanwyn
SummerHaf
AutumnHydref

Telling Time in Welsh

What time is itFaint o'r gloch ydy hi?
HoursOriau
MinutesMunud
SecondsEiliadau
O clockO'r gloch
HalfHanner
Quarter pastChwarter heibio
BeforeO'r blaen
AfterAr ôl